Cell: It is the smallest unit of living matter that can develop all the functions of living beings. Unicellular




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títuloCell: It is the smallest unit of living matter that can develop all the functions of living beings. Unicellular
fecha de publicación25.10.2016
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ENGLISH GLOSSARY 1º ESO

UNIT 1: CELLS


Cell: It is the smallest unit of living matter that can develop all the functions of living beings.

Unicellular: Living being that only has one cell

Multicellular: Living being formed by more than one cell

Eukaryotic (eucaryotic) cell: Cell that has a nucleus containing the genetic information (DNA) of the cell. Animal and plant cells are eucaryotic.

Prokaryotic (procaryotic) cell: Cell that has no nucleus, such as bacteria, that have DNA in the cytoplasm.

Membrane: It is the border between the cell and the medium. It gives the shape to the cell and controls the transport of substances into and out of the cell.

Cytoplasm: It is the space which exists between the membrane and the nucleus.

Cell organelles: Solid structures in the cell with different functions. We can find ribosomes, vacuoles, mitochondria, etc.
Exercises

1.Write on the table the English name for these cell parts and organelles

CELL PARTS AND ORGANELLES: mitochondrion, chloroplast, DNA, nucleus, nucleolus, ribosome, cytoplasm, lysosome, vacuole, endoplasmatic reticulum, Golgi body (apparattus), cell (plant) wall, centriole, cytoskeleton


Membrana




Ribosoma




Núcleo




Lisosoma




Nucleolo




Centriolo




ADN




Retículo endoplásmico




Citoplasma




Aparato de Golgi




Mitocondria




Pared vegetal




Cloroplasto




Citoesqueleto





2.What is the difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

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