Biology Unit 9: Inheritance Patterns practice test




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Biology - Unit 9: Inheritance Patterns PRACTICE TEST
____ 1. Two similar chromosomes that you inherit from your parents (one from your mother, one from your father) are called

a.

homologous chromosomes.

c.

sex chromosomes.

b.

sister chromatids.

d.

homozygous alleles.



____ 2. Meiosis produces cells with how many chromosomes?

a.

44

b.

22

c.

46

d.

23



____ 3. Which of the following cell types is diploid?

a.

ovum

b.

sex cell

c.

somatic cell

d.

gamete



____ 4. A distinguishing characteristic that can be inherited is a(n)

a.

cross.

b.

allele.

c.

gene.

d.

trait.



____ 5. Which of the following phrases describes the Punnett square in Figure 6.1?



a.

1/4 probability of heterozygous offspring

c.

3/4 probability of homozygous offspring

b.

3/4 probability that dominant trait is expressed

d.

heterozygous-heterozygous cross



____ 6. Homozygous alleles are_______

a.

always inherited together.

c.

identical forms of the same gene.

b.

different forms of the same trait.

d.

identical forms of two different genes.



____ 7. Mendel knew that the variations in the offspring generations resulted from his experiments because he

a.

allowed plants to cross-pollinate.

c.

controlled the fertilization process.

b.

ensured that plants self-pollinated.

d.

changed the growing conditions.



____ 8. Which pair of genes in Figure 6.2 would be most likely to be inherited together?



a.

A and B

b.

A and C

c.

A and D

d.

A and E



____ 9. Which event takes place during anaphase II of meiosis II?

a.

Nuclear membrane breaks down.

c.

Sister chromatids separate.

b.

Spindle fibers disassemble.

d.

Cytoplasm divides.



____ 10. Recessive alleles may not be expressed because they are

a.

masked by a dominant allele.

c.

the most common allele in a population.

b.

the least common allele in a population.

d.

less likely to have crossing over.



____ 11. Mendel's second law of genetics, the law of independent assortment, is one explanation of the

a.

random fertilization of gametes.

c.

greater strength of dominant alleles.

b.

genetic variation within species.

d.

final stages of gametogenesis.



____ 12. Which of the following events is an important factor in increasing variety among sexually reproducing organisms?

a.

testcross

b.

gene linkage

c.

crossing over

d.

mitosis



____ 13. Imagine two heterozygous parents. Each has a dominant allele B for brown eyes and a recessive allele b for blue eyes. The phenotypic ratio for brown:blue eyes in their children is

a.

1:2:1.

b.

3:1.

c.

9:3:3:1.

d.

1:3:1.



____ 14. A person who has a disorder caused by a recessive allele is

a.

considered a carrier of the disorder.

c.

unable to pass the allele to offspring.

b.

homozygous for the recessive allele.

d.

certain to have offspring with the disorder.



____ 15. The Punnett square in Figure 7.1 shows a cross between two parents who have the genotype Ss for a genetic disorder caused by a recessive allele. Which of the following will have the genetic disorder?




a.

Ss parent

b.

Ss offspring

c.

SS offspring

d.

ss offspring



____ 16. Two parents have the genotype Gg for a genetic disorder caused by a dominant allele. What is the chance that any of their children will inherit the disorder?

a.

25%

b.

50%

c.

75%

d.

100%



____ 17. Human height occurs in a continuous range because it is affected by the interaction of several genes, making it a

a.

autosomal trait.

b.

sex-linked trait.

c.

polygenic trait.

d.

codominant trait.



____ 18. A female is born with attached earlobes, which is a recessive phenotype. Which of the following genotypes could her parents have?

a.

RR and RR

b.

Rr and RR

c.

Rr and rr

d.

RR and rr



____ 19. What is the main reason that sex-linked disorders are most often observed in males?

a.

The X chromosome only has genes for genetic disorders.

b.

The Y chromosome cannot have genes that cause genetic disorders.

c.

The Y chromosome cannot mask alleles on the X chromosome.

d.

The X chromosome has genes only for sex determination.



Short Answer


20. Which type of interaction is shown by the alleles for flower color?
21. Suppose the first generation pea plants had flowers that were partly red and partly white instead of all pink. What type of relationship between alleles would this be? Write one statement to support your answer. Use the word phenotype in your answer.
Short Answer


22. Which diagram in Figure 6.3 shows the process of meiosis? How do you know?
23. Write the letter that corresponds to the cells in the diagram that are haploid. How are these cells different from the cells in part D of the diagram?
Use the exhibit to answer the questions that follow.

24. In this plant species, the allele for purple flowers is dominant and the allele for white flowers is recessive. Write the genotype for the offspring that have white flowers.
25. Write the genotype for the offspring that have purple flowers.
26. What is the genotype of the unknown parent?
Biology - Unit 9: Inheritance Patterns PRACTICE TEST

Answer Section
1. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e102_14

TOP: Ch 6 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
2. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e102_22

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.16.16 | FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.16.17

TOP: Ch 6 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
3. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e102_30

TOP: Ch 6 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
4. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e102_38

TOP: Ch 6 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
5. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e102_46

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.N.1.1.6 | FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.16.1 | FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.16.2 TOP: Ch 6 Test - A

NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
6. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e102_54

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.16.2 TOP: Ch 6 Test - A

NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
7. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e102_79

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.16.17 TOP: Ch 6 Test - A

NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
8. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e102_70

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.15.15 | FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.16.17

TOP: Ch 6 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
9. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e102_87

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.16.16 | FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.16.17

TOP: Ch 6 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
10. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e102_95

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.16.2 TOP: Ch 6 Test - A

NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
11. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e102_103

TOP: Ch 6 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
12. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e102_111

TOP: Ch 6 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
13. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e102_127

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.N.1.1.6 TOP: Ch 6 Test - A

NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
14. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e110_194

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.16.2 TOP: Ch 7 Test - A

NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
15. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e110_210

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.N.1.1.6 | FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.16.1 | FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.16.2 TOP: Ch 7 Test - A

NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
16. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e110_223

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.N.1.1.6 | FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.16.2

TOP: Ch 7 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
17. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e110_240

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.16.2 TOP: Ch 7 Test - A

NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
18. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e110_280

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.16.2 | FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.16.4

TOP: Ch 7 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
19. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e110_312

TOP: Ch 7 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
20. ANS:

1 = C1C1, 2 = C1C2, 3 = C1C2, 4 = C2C2; incomplete dominance

PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e110_354

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.16.2 TOP: Ch 7 Test - A

NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
21. ANS:

Codominance. The phenotypes of both parents are expressed fully and separately in the offspring.

PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e110_362

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.16.2 TOP: Ch 7 Test - A

NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
22. ANS:

Diagram 2 Sample answer: in diagram 2, there are two cell divisions, so this process is meiosis. In diagram 1, there is only one cell division.

PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e102_144

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.16.16 | FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.16.17

TOP: Ch 6 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
23. ANS:

J. Sample answer: The cells in part J of the diagram have fewer chromosomes. The cells in part D of the diagram have more chromosomes.

PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e102_156

STA: FL.NGSSS.SCI.08.9-12.SC.912.L.16.16 TOP: Ch 6 Test - A

NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
24. ANS:

ff

PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e102_176

TOP: Ch 6 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
25. ANS:

Ff

PTS: 1 DIF: Level A REF: act0976aaf18007e102_180

TOP: Ch 6 Test - A NOT: 978-0-618-78317-5
26. ANS:

Ff

PTS: 1

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