A paper for this conference: Material/ presentación/ disertación para esta conferencia




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títuloA paper for this conference: Material/ presentación/ disertación para esta conferencia
fecha de publicación09.03.2016
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tipoDocumentos
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Booth Words Environment

1° chapter: La 1° etapa

A paper for this conference: Material/ presentación/ disertación para esta conferencia

A similar rate: mismo ritmo

Add to that: sumen a eso

Addvertisement inserts: publicidad gratuita/ muestras de publicidad

Adhesives: adhesivos

Advertiser: Anunciante

As far as it concerns: en lo que atañe/ respecta

Asked from them: Requeridos

Band titles: encuadernados

Biotechnology: biotecnología

Bottomline: ingresos/ ganancias

BSE (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy = Mad-Cow Disease, MCD): Encefalopatía Espongiforme Bovina/ Enfermedad de la Vaca Loca

Budget Director of NYC: Director de Presupuesto de la Ciudad de Nueva York

Budgets: Presupuestos

Byproduct: Subproducto / Producto Derivado

Casually: Informalmente

Catalogue printers: Impresores de catálogo

Cellar: sotano (tb es bodega)

Certifier: entidad/ autoridad certificante

Checkered Career: Carrera con Altibajos / Idas y Venidas / Variada

Checks: Controles

Chlorine: Cloro

Chlorine-Free Bleaching: Blanqueamiento/ blanqueo Libre de/sin Cloro

Clear Cutting: Tala

Climate of opinion: opinión generalizada/ mentalidad generalizada/ consenso generalizado

Collecting: Recolectar

Collection: recolección

Coming back to your bottom line thesis: Volviendo al tema esencial

Competitive advantage: Ventaja competitiva

Concern: preocupación

Consumer attitudes: tendencias, comportamiento de los consumidores

Consumer demands: exigencias de los consumidores

Controversy: polémica

Conveyor: transmisor, conductor

Cost-saving: ahorro

Cover-mounted gifts: regalos adheridos a la tapa

Cover-mounted gifts: regalos que vienen en la tapa de las revistas

Cutting down trees: talando

Dead bone: material innecesario

Decimated: Diezmado

Demand: exigir

Demonstration: manifestación

Dispose: deshacerse

Disposing off: desechar

Earphones: Receptores

Ecologically-Friendly: Que no daña el Medio Ambiente

Ecologically-sensitive forest: en extinción/ peligro de extinción

Effluent: Desechos

Enforce: Hacer Cumplir

Environmental Activism: Activismo ambiental

Environmental concerns: preocupaciones ambientales/ ecológicas

Environmental performance: comportamiento ambiental

Environmental performance: comportamiento/ desempeño ambiental

Environmentally conscious: concientes desde el punto de vista ambiental/ ecológico

European Rotogravure Association: Asociación de Rotograbado Europea

Family foresters: Silvicultores familiares/ familias de silvicultores

Feast or Famine: Abundancia o Escasez

Fibres: fibras

Fill that role: cumplir/ desempeñar ese papel

Finishes: acabados

First-hand: por experiencia

Foot-and-mouth disease: aftosa

Forest owners: Propietarios de los bosques

Frankenstein food: alimentos transgénicos

From the bottomline (accountability- balance final/resultado): de la ganancia

General overview: panorama general

GMO (genetically modified organisms): Organismos modificados genéticamente

Go through: repasar, revisar

Gravure printing: impresión de hueco grabado

Great Scare: Gran Temor

Green devils: Los extremistas ambientales

Green groups: grupos ecologistas

Green issue: problema ambiental/ ecológico

Greening the paper chain: aspecto ecológico de la cadena de papel

Hand over: encargar

Handbook: manual/ cuadernillo

Harmful: Perjudicial / Nocivo / Dañino

Hit us: afectarnos

In That Regard: En ese aspecto

Incidentally: a propósito de esto

Inclination of readers: tendencia de los lectores

Indigenous peoples: pueblos indígenas

It took us three years: Nos llevó tres años

Joint project: emprendimiento conjunto

Junior person: asistente

Kickstart: puntapié inicial

Knowingly: conscientemente

Knows its trees: conoce sus árboles

Landfill: relleno sanitario

Landfill: Relleno Sanitario

Lengthy presentation: Una larguísima presentación

Let go: soltar

Little brochure: folletito

Local collection schemes: planes locales de recolección

Looking into their kitchens: Husmeando/ Metiéndose en sus vidas

Lumbering: Industria Maderera (Madera para la Construcción)

Lunatic fringe anorak-wearing minority: minoría ecologista extremista (Fringe: Those members of a group or political party holding extreme views: the lunatic fringe.)

Magazine publishing: edición de revistas

Major paper manufacturers: Principales papeleras

Make money: genera, gana

Market share: participación de mercado

Meet (a target): lograr

Metal sachets: sachets de metal

MPA (Magazine Publishers of America) http://www.magazine.org/about_mpa/

News print : papel prensa

newsprint: papel prensa

Nice and gloomy paper: lindo papel satinado

On your tables: tienen ante/frente a ustedes

One-economy town: pueblo mono-industrial/ de una sola economía/industria

Outlawed: prohibido/declarado ilegal

Overview: Panorama

Packaging waste directive: política de desperdicio de envases

Paper makers: papeleras

Paper producers: Productores de papel/ papeleras

Paper waste: desperdicio de papel

Pay own expenses: costear

Persist: insistir

Picking up the bill: pagar las consecuencias / hacerse cargo

Players: empresas

Polluter pays principle: principio de ‘paga el que contamina’/‘el que contamina paga’

Postcards: postales

Post-consumer copies: ejemplares usados

Price premiun: sale/cuesta más

Print: impresión

Printer: impresora

Printers: Imprentas

produce: fabricamos

Profitable: rentable/ redituable

Profusion: abundancia

Proprietors: propietarios

Publicist: Publicista

Publisher: editorial

Publishers: editoriales

Publishing group: editorial

Pulp and paper industry: industria de la pulpa y el papel

Push aside: dejar de lado

Put in emotive terms: para hacerlo más vívido

Reader: lector

Readers: lectores

Reasonably balanced view: opinión bastante equilibrada

Recycling mix: total del reciclado

Recyclist: empresas de reciclaje

Retailers: minoristas

Re-use: reutilizar

Revulsion: Rechazo

Rotogravure industry: industria del rotograbado

Scenic Value: Valor Escénico/panorámico

Secret place: Lugar secreto

Sensibly: en forma inteligente

Shocking: alarmante

Short paper: presentación breve

Short supply: escasean

Sortation of all paper: Clasificación del papel

Stakeholders: Las partes interesadas

Stock: almacenar

Streams and Lakes: Arroyos y Lagos

Stringent efforts: esfuerzos rigurosos/estrictos

Substitute: remplazo, suplente

Supply chain management: gestión de la cadena de suministro/ abastecimiento

Supply chain: cadena de abastecimiento

Supply: abastecer

Sustainable Forestry: Silvicultura Sustentable

Sweeden: Suecia


Tackle: abordar

Tackle: abordar, enfrentar

Taking that route: siguiendo ese camino/ejemplo

Targeted: atacados

The Board: El Directorio

The Making of Paper: La Fabricación de Papel

The medium of paper: el papel como medio

The newspaper industry: los diarios/ la industria de los diarios

The strange moment: Lo raro fue que

This paper: este documento, investigación

Timber: Madera (en pie)

Timber: madera (en pie)

To arise: surgir

to deliver a service: ofrecer/ brindar un servicio

To get it running: Ponerlo en marcha/en funcionamiento/ desarrollarlo/ implementarlo

To help your profits: aumentar las ganancias

To meet with their suppliers: Para reunirse con sus proveedores

To pick out the tab: hacerse cargo

To produce to capacity: fabricar al máximo

To sort household waste for recycling: clasificar los residuos / desechos / desperdicios domésticos para reciclarlos / reciclaje.

Toluene issue: problema/tema del tolueno

Toluene: tolueno

Tonelage: tonelaje

Trace the DNA of Paper: Rastreás el ADN del papel

Traceability: trasabilidad

Turn to: recurrir

Umbrella: Paraguas

Unsold copies: ejemplares no vendidos

Up to speed: actualizado

Value chain management: Gestión de la cadena de valor

Virgin fiber: fibra virgen

Voluntary agreements: acuerdos voluntarios

Vulnerable: vulnerable

Waste at all points in the chain: desperdicio en todos los eslabones/todas las etapas de la cadena

Waste stream: desagüe cloacal/ pluvial (encontré corriente de desechos)

Waste: desechos, despedicios

Ways to align and protect (the landfills): formas de mejorar y proteger

Will see to that: se va a ocupar/encargar de eso

With some editing to reflect...: editado para reflejar la visión europea

Workshop: Taller

You guessed it: Sí, adivinaron
Nombres (personas, organismos)

Axel Springer Verlag

FIPP: International Federation of the Periodical Press (Federación Internacional de la Prensa Periódica)

Kirkemi factory of Miseserla in Finland (?)

Merck Stewardship Council created by WWF (World Wide Fund For Nature / Fondo Mundial para la Naturaleza) and Unilever

Nancy Riser / Nina Link

Norris Cook

Norse Skog

Norse Veritas


Otofasand catalogue (?)

Sallie Cartwright/ Donald Cumenfeld/ Florian Nim
Palabras que salieron en clase pero no son de la conferencia:

Dean: decano

Dissertation: Tesis Doctoral

Near shore: que comparte el uso horario

Rector: rector (AmE), vice-chancellor (BrE)

Secretario académico: provost

Research

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), commonly known as Mad-Cow Disease (MCD), is a fatal, neurodegenerative disease in cattle, that causes a spongy degeneration in the brain and spinal cord and also causes red eyes. BSE has a long incubation period, about 4 years, usually affecting adult cattle at a peak age onset of four to five years, all breeds being equally susceptible.[1] In the United Kingdom, the country worst affected, more than 179,000 cattle have been infected and 4.4 million slaughtered during the eradication programme.[2]

It is believed by most scientists that the disease may be transmitted to human beings who eat the brain or spinal cord of infected carcasses.[3] In humans, it is known as new variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD or nvCJD), and by April 2008, it had killed 163 people in Britain, and 37 elsewhere[4] with the number expected to rise because of the disease's long incubation period.[5] Between 460,000 and 482,000 BSE-infected animals had entered the human food chain before controls on high-risk offal were introduced in 1989.[6]

A British inquiry into BSE concluded that the epidemic was caused by cattle, who are normally herbivores, being fed the remains of other cattle in the form of meat and bone meal (MBM), which caused the infectious agent to spread.[7][8] The origin of the disease itself remains unknown. The infectious agent is distinctive for the high temperatures at which it remains viable; this contributed to the spread of the disease in Britain, which had reduced the temperatures used during its rendering process.[7] Another contributory factor was the feeding of infected protein supplements to very young calves.[7][9]

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD, Latin binomial Aphtae epizooticae), sometimes called hoof-and-mouth disease, is a highly contagious and sometimes fatal viral disease of cattle and pigs. It can also infect deer, elk, antelope, bison, water buffalo, goats, sheep, and other bovids with cloven hooves.

In addition, hedgehogs [1] and elephants[2] are susceptible to the disease.The Llama and Alpaca may develop mild symptoms but are resistant to the disease and will not pass it on to others of the same species.[2] In laboratory experiments, mice, rats and chicken have been successfully infected by artificial means, but it is not believed that they would contract the disease under natural conditions. [2] Just as humans may spread the disease by carrying the germs on their clothes and body, animals that are not susceptible to the disease may still aid in spreading it. This was the case in Canada in 1952 when an outbreak flared up again after dogs had carried off bones from dead animals.[2] Wolves are thought to play a similar role in the former Soviet Union.[3]

Humans are very rarely affected. Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is the prototypic member of the Aphthovirus genus in the Picornaviridae family. This picornavirus is the etiological agent of the acute systemic vesicular disease that affects cattle and other animals worldwide. It is a highly variable and transmissible virus.[4]

The cause of FMD was first shown to be viral in 1897 by Friedrich Loeffler. He passed the blood of an infected animal through a fine porcelain filter and found that the fluid that was collected could still cause the disease in healthy animals.

FMD occurs throughout much of the world, and whilst some countries have been free of FMD for some time, its wide host range and rapid spread represent cause for international concern. After World War II, the disease was widely distributed throughout the world. In 1996, endemic areas included Asia, Africa, and parts of South America; as of August 2007, Chile is disease free,[5] and Uruguay and Argentina have not had an outbreak since 2001. North America, Australia and Japan have been free of FMD for many years. New Zealand has never had a case of foot and mouth disease.[6] Most European countries have been recognized as disease free, and countries belonging to the European Union have stopped FMD vaccination.

However, in 2001, a serious outbreak of FMD in Britain resulted in the slaughter of many animals, the postponing of the general election for a month, and the cancellation of many sporting events and leisure activities such as the Isle of Man TT.

Gravure printing: photomechanical intaglio process in which the image to be printed consists of depressions or recesses on the surface of the printing plate. The process is the reverse of relief printing, in which the image is raised from the surface of the plate. The printer forms the image by cutting into the plate by hand or by using acids or other chemicals to etch the plate along the lines of the desired image. The printer then covers the plate with ink and wipes the ink from the higher surface, leaving the depressions, or intaglio areas, filled with ink. Paper pressed to the plate then absorbs ink from the depressed areas. Varying the depth of the depressions provides tonal gradations in the printed image.

Toluene, also known as methylbenzene or phenylmethane, is a clear, water-insoluble liquid with the typical smell of paint thinners, redolent of the sweet smell of the related compound benzene. It is an aromatic hydrocarbon that is widely used as an industrial feedstock and as a solvent. Like other solvents, toluene is also used as an inhalant drug for its intoxicating properties.[1][2]

Uses


Toluene is a common solvent, able to dissolve: paints, paint thinners, silicone sealants,[6] many chemical reactants, rubber, printing ink, adhesives (glues), lacquers, leather tanners, and disinfectants. It can also be used as a fullerene indicator, and is a raw material for toluene diisocyanate (used in the manufacture of polyurethane foam) and TNT. It is also used as an adhesive for fine polystyrene kits (by dissolving and then fusing surfaces) as it can be applied very precisely by brush and contains none of the bulk of an adhesive.

Toluene can be used as an octane booster in gasoline fuels used in internal combustion engines. Toluene at 86% by volume fueled all the turbo Formula 1 teams in the 1980s.

Timber vs. Lumber: Lumber or timber is wood in any of its stages from felling through readiness for use as structural material for construction, or wood pulp for paper production. Timber often refers to the wood contents of standing, live trees that can be used for lumber or fiber production, although it can also be used to describe sawn lumber whose smallest dimension is not less than 5 inches (127 mm)

/// Timber (plural timbers)


  1. (uncountable) Trees in a forest regarded as a source of wood.

  2. (UK) (uncountable) Wood that has been pre-cut and is ready for use in construction. (US) lumber.

  3. (countable) A heavy wooden beam, generally a whole log that has been squared off and used to provide heavy support for things such as roof; also (historically) in the plural, as in ship's timbers.

Synonyms


  • (trees considered as a source of wood)

  • (wood that has been cut ready for construction): lumber, wood

  • (beam used to support a roof): beam, rafter

Waste stream: The total flow of solid waste from homes, businesses, institutions and manufacturing plants that is recycled, burned, or disposed of in landfills, or segments thereof such as the 'residential waste stream' or the 'recyclable waste stream.

Axel Springer AG is one of the largest newspaper publishing companies in Europe, having over 150 newspapers and magazines in over 30 countries, including several Central and Eastern European countries: Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic, Russia and western European countries: Germany, France, Spain, Switzerland, more than 10,000 employees with annual revenues and income on the scale of €1 billion. It was started in 1946/1947 by journalist Axel Springer [1]. Its current CEO is Mathias Döpfner.

FIPP: Founded in 1925 as the Fédération Internationale de la Presse Périodique, The International Federation of the Periodical Press (FIPP) works for the benefit of magazine publishers around the world; promoting the common editorial, cultural and economic interests of consumer and business-to-business publishers, both in print and electronic media.

WWF – World Wide Fund for Nature (Fondo Mundial para la Naturaleza), es la más grande y respetada organización conservacionista independiente del mundo.

Su misión es detener la degradación del ambiente natural del planeta y construir un futuro en el cual los seres humanos vivan en armonía con la naturaleza:

WWF cuenta con unos 5 millones de miembros y una red mundial de 27 organizaciones nacionales, 5 asociadas y 22 oficinas de programas, que trabajan en más de 100 países. La sede internacional está ubicada en Suiza y la dirección para América Latina, en Estados Unidos.

La organización ha jugado un papel fundamental en la evolución del movimiento ambientalista internacional, rol que continúa en pleno crecimiento y desarrollo.

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