Yale Peabody Museum-pier-clais 2012 Summer Institute for High School Teachers




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títuloYale Peabody Museum-pier-clais 2012 Summer Institute for High School Teachers
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  • Prospective Studies: what forms of education, science,
    culture and communication will assist in tomorrow's world?

  • The advancement, transfer and sharing of knowledge: relying primarily on research, training and teaching activities.

  • Standard-setting action: the preparation and adoption of international instruments and statutory recommendations.

  • Expertise: provided to Member States for their development policies and projects in the form of "technical co-operation".

  • Exchange of specialized information.


Culture

Cultural Heritage: Often used in tandem with cultural patrimony, cultural heritage is the history of a tribal or ethnic group. This could mean traditional land, written codices or lienzos, ancient pottery, or other physical remnants of a culture. UNESCO frequently assists in preserving a nation or group’s cultural heritage.
Intangible Cultural Heritage: Cultural Heritage includes not only tangible history of an ethnic or tribal group (such as historical land or artifacts) but also intangible marks of culture. These immaterial parts of a culture include the language, traditions, food, theology and oral history belonging to a group. This part of a group’s history is called Intangible Cultural Heritage.

http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/index.php?lg=EN&pg=home

http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/index.php?pg=00136
NAGPRA: The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) was passed by Congress in 1990. It requires institutions that receive federal funding to inventory their collections, consult with federally recognized Native American tribes, and repatriate human remains or cultural items that meet certain criteria. In structuring conditions for repatriation, NAGPRA prioritizes a principle termed “cultural affiliation” which means a reasonable relationship can be demonstrated between an identifiable earlier group and a present-day federally recognized tribe or tribes. A full presentation of the process as stipulated by the NAGPRA statute and regulations is available at National NAGPRA, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.(Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University http://www.peabody.harvard.edu/node/310)
Repatriation: Repatriation is the process by which museums and other institutions transfer possession and control of Native American, Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian human remains, funerary objects, objects of cultural patrimony and sacred objects back to the tribes of origin. For the museums that comprise the Smithsonian Institution, the National Museum of the American Indian Act (NMAI Act), passed in 1989 and amended in 1996, governs repatriation. The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), passed in 1990, directs repatriation for other U. S. institutions that receive federal funding. (Smithsonian Museum of Natural History Department of Anthropology http://anthropology.si.edu/repatriation/whatis/).
Food

Ethnobotany: Ethnobotany is the study of the relationship between people and plants. In the case of Mexico, it is the study of the relationship between the thousands of types of indigenous maizes and the indigenous people, both ancient and modern.
GM Foods: GM, or Genetically Modified, foods are real foods created by the breeding of natural foods that have had their DNA altered. For example, there are GM tomatoes which have more B-12 vitamin in them because their DNA was altered by scientists to make them produce more B-12 than normal tomatoes. Monsanto is a producer of GM seeds, whose growth has affected the indigenous maíz population in Mexico.

Transgenic: A transgenic food is a food created by a Genetically Modified process; it is a GM food.
Writing

Codex/ Codices: Codices (plural of codex) are painted manuscripts on long strips of lime coated inner bark of fig trees, folded accordion style. Examples of Aztec, Maya and Mixtec codices can be found at FAMSI http://www.famsi.org/mayawriting/codices/introduction.html
Mapa: Mapas are colonial Mesoamerican pictorial manuscripts that show the landscape or territories of ancient indigenous communities. The Wired Humanities Project, Mapas Project(UOregon) is a digitized database of mapas and can be accessed at http://mapas.uoregon.edu/
Lienzo: A lienzo is a painted cloth used by indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica to communicate. Interactive lienzos can be found at:

Miscellaneous
Mesoamerica: The term “Mesoamerica” refers to the area extending between the Northern border of Mexico and the Northern regions of Costa Rica. This area was densely populated by indigenous kingdoms before the Spanish conquest during the 15th and 16th centuries.
Rollout Photography: Photography technique whereby a vase sits on a turntable and revolves in front of a camera. The film is moving at the same speed as the surface of the vase. (FAMSI)
“Sin Maiz No Hay Pais”: Sin Maiz No Hay Pais is a movement protesting the presence of Monsanto in Mexico. The supporters of this movement advocate for the preservation of traditional Mexican culture, specifically for the conservation of the natural biodiversity in corn in Mexico, and the sustentation of the communal corn and vegetable fields called milpas. The movement argues that, as their title states, without traditional corn, there is no Mexico. http://www.sinmaiznohaypais.org/
Archive: An archive is a collection of primary source documents that have been preserved for enduring cultural, historical or evidentiary importance. The physical place where the documents are kept are also called an archive.
Database: A database is an organized collection of information in digital form.
Prepared by Calla Cameron
Branford High School, ’13

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